The Secrets Behind Delicious Mexican Food

Photo by Los Muertos Crew: https://www.pexels.com/photo/mexican-food-on-yellow-table-7772198/

Mexican cuisine has undoubtedly crossed borders. In most countries in the world, many restaurants serve authentic Mexican food. People love and greatly enjoy these intense and spicy flavors.

In the beginning, the restaurant tried to copy the traditional Mexican preparations. As time passes, Mexican cuisine blends with local flavors to create a fusion cuisine with Mexico as the base core.

Mexican gastronomy

When you think about Mexico, joyful people, ancient history, and spicy food come to mind. Mexico is a country full of color, flavors, and traditions.

In 2010, UNESCO inscribed Mexican cuisine as an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. Its culture, ancient ingredients, and culinary techniques were the reasons for this unique recognition.

It could not be any other way since Mexican food has it all: a wide variety of ingredients, autochthonous spices and herbs, a cooking process that enhances tastes, and international influences. All combine in multicolored preparations with intense flavors.

Most zones in Mexico are full of street markets where you can find countless copious, filling, and colorful dishes.

These renowned street foods are the ones that are spread all over the world. Most of them are a tortilla filled with various meats, vegetables, and grains and topped with multicolored sauces.

Good examples are:

  • Tacos: They are crunchy fried tortilla shells filled with meats, rice, or beans with lettuce, tomatoes, sour cream, and spicy sauce. The fillings of tacos are varied:
  • Tacos de arroz y frijoles (rice and beans tacos).
  • Tacos de Cabeza (meat from the cheeks, tongue, eyes, brain, and lips).
  • Tacos de Pescado (Fish Tacos).
  • Tacos de Guisado (stewed meat tacos).
  • Enchiladas: They are corn tortillas rolled and stuffed with meat or beans, cheese, and vegetables topped with red and green sauces. The most popular are:
  • Enchiladas coloniales (Colonial enchiladas).
  • Enchiladas regias (Royal enchiladas)
  • Enchiladas rancheras (Ranch enchiladas).
  • Enchiladas Potosinas (Potosi enchiladas).
  • Quesadillas: They are big tacos. They are corn or flour tortillas filled with cheese. Quesadillas can also include:
  • Quesadillas de desayuno (Breakfast quesadillas).
  • Quesadillas de pollo (Chicken quesadillas).
  • Quesadilla de granja (Farmstand quesadilla)
  • Quesadilla Mac and Cheese (Mac and Cheese quesadilla).
  • Salbutes: They are fried puffy corn tortillas topped with refried beans, meat like pork or shredded beef, tomatoes, cabbage, pickled onions, and avocado. They include the following types:
  • Salbutes con pollo (Chicken salbutes).
  • Salbutes con pavo (turkey salbutes).
  • Salbutes con cochinita pibil (Cochinita pibil salbutes).
  • Tamales: Tamales are not tortillas. They deserve a place on this list because it is a popular Mexican dish made with corn flour. They are corn dough steamed in a corn husk filled with meat. The tamales differentiate for the sauces that accompany them. The types are:
  • Tamales Verdes (Chicken or pork tamales topped with green sauce).
  • Tamales rojos (Chicken tamales with mole sauce)
  • Tamales de raja (Chicken or pork tamales topped with hot sauce).
  • Tamales de frijol (Beans puree and cheese tamales with mole sauce).

The secret behind Mexican cuisine

Mexican gastronomy is built on the intense flavor given by varied and fresh ingredients. Base ingredients are the same in almost all Mexican dishes. They include:

  • Beans
  • Rice
  • Avocado
  • Limes
  • Cheese
  • Tomatoes
  • Corn
  • Shredded beef and chicken
  • Pork
  • Jalapenos
  • Garlic
  • Chilis
  • Lard
  • Pumpkin seeds
  • Vinegar
  • Jicama
  • Tomatillos

Herbs and species play an essential role as well. The most used are:

  • Coriander
  • Allspice
  • Cloves
  • Thyme
  • Mexican oregano
  • Mexican cinnamon
  • Cumin
  • Cacao
  • Vanilla
  • Anise
  • Chili powder
  • Basil
  • Cilantro
  • Rosemary
  • Sage
  • Epazote

Cooking an authentic Mexican dish

With all this acquired knowledge about Mexican cuisine and the key to making delicious dishes, you are ready to make an exquisite dish. Read on.

Tacos al pastor

Ingredients (10 tacos):

Meat:

  • 2 pounds of pork loin.
  • 4 boiled and chopped Guajillo chili.
  • 1 boiled and chopped Ancho chile.
  • 4 cloves of garlic.
  • 1/2 onion.
  • 1/2 cup of orange juice.
  • 3/4 cup of pineapple juice.
  • 1 tablespoon of oregano.
  • 1 tablespoon of thyme.
  • 1 tablespoon of black pepper.
  • 1 tablespoon of cumin.
  • 1 tablespoon of paprika.
  • 2 tablespoons of salt.
  • 3 Cloves.

Sauce:

  • 3 tomatillos.
  • 1/2 onion.
  • 2 cloves of garlic.
  • 1 chipotle.
  • 3 tablespoons of pineapple juice.
  • Salt and black pepper to taste.

Tacos:

  • 10 Corn tortillas.
  • Grilled pineapple.
  • Chopped cilantro.
  • Chopped onions.
  • Lime juice.
  • Salt.

Preparation:

  1. Make a marinade for seasoning the pork loin. Combine the Guajillo chile, Ancho chile, garlic, onion, orange juice, pineapple juice, oregano, thyme, black pepper, cumin, paprika, salt, and cloves.
  2. Cover the pork loin with this mixture.
  3. Place the pork in a tray and cover it with aluminum foil for 4 hours.
  4. Cook the pork loin on a grill and cut it into slices. Set aside.
  5. Make the sauce. Place tomatillo, onion, and garlic in a baking tray covered with oil.
  6. Roast them in an oven at 450°F for 10 minutes.
  7. Combine the roasted vegetables, chipotle, pineapple juice, salt, and pepper in a blender. Reserve.
  8. Assemble the tacos. Heat corn tortillas in a pan with a pinch of oil.
  9. Place in the tortilla some sliced pork loin, meat, and grilled pineapple, and cover with tomatillo sauce, cilantro, onion, and lime juice.